Maine Audubon Society in Enjoying Maine Birds, 
edited by Olin Sewall Pettingill, Jr., recommends 
the following wildlife plantings as being hardy in 
most regions and most soils of Maine.  A tree, as 
opposed to a shrub, grows from a single stem, 
though it may branch out quickly and low down, 
especially when grown in the open.

Trees:				      Height
Siberian Crab Apple			50
(Malus baccata)
European Mountain Ash			45
(Sorbus aucuparia)
Bechtel's Crab Apple			30
(Malus ioensis)
Fleshy Hawthorn				15
(Crataegus succulenta)

Nannyberry				30
(Viburnum lentago)
Amur Honeysuckle			15
(Lonicera maacki)
Arrow-wood				15
(Viburnum dentatum)
Highbush Cranberry			12
(Viburnum trilobum)
American Elder				12
(Sambucus canadensis)
Highbush Blueberry			10
(Vaccinium corymbosum)
Winterberry				 9
(Ilex verticillata)
Tartarian Honeysucke			 9
(Lonicera tartarica)
Bayberry				 8
(Myrica pensylvanica)
Red Osier Dogwood			 7
(Cornus stolonifera)
Inkberry				 6
(Ilex glabra)
Witherod				 6
(Viburnum cassinoides)
Coralberry				3-6
(Symphoricarpos orbiculatus)
Fragrant Sumac				 3
(Rhus aromatica)
Dryland Blueberry			 3
(Vaccinium pallidum)

American Bittersweet (Celastrus scandens)
Trumpet Honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens)
Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

Bearberry (Arcostaphylos uva-ursi)
Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis)
Lowbush Blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium, 
var. laevifolium)

These specific plantings can be used alone or in conjunction with other recommended plantings, such as Pines (Pinus spp.), Oaks (Quercus spp.), and herbaceous materials. Check with your local garden center, nursery, or landscape designer.

When designing a garden for multiple non-visual 
aesthetic values, keep in mind fragrance 
producers, shade and temperature contrasts, 
screening, wind, and tactile sensation.